Visual Learning Strategies are defined as a method of teaching / learning using Graphic Organizers to assist students by working with ideas and concepts, to help think and learn more effectively.
In addition, these misconceptions can identify and display patterns and relationships in information, factors necessary for understanding and deep internalization of concepts.
Examples of these organizers are: Maps conceptual, cause-effect diagrams and timelines, among others.
Moreover, the development of visual diagrams helps students to process, organize, prioritize, retain and recall new information so that they can integrate with previous knowledge.
take different physical forms and each are appropriate to represent a particular type of information.
Some of the graphic organizers (og) used in education are:
• Conceptual maps
• Conceptual schemes
• Thematic maps
• Mental maps
• Summary tables
• Networks or cobwebs
• Maps of ideas
• Time lines
• Cause and effect diagrams
• Venn diagrams
• Comparative Tables
• Pie charts (charts foot)
Bar charts •
• V of Gowin
Concept maps are graphic organizers that through certain symbols represent information.
They will be useful for students as a method for further study assessment and we can use this in class to help explain the overall information.
Novak and Gowin (1988) suggest that the concept maps “are intended to represent
meaningful relationships between concepts in the form of propositions. ”
For Novak Concept Maps are:
• A strategy to help students learn and to help educators organize material.
• A method to help students and educators to grasp the meaning of
• A schematic resource to represent a set of conceptual meanings
including a proposition structure.
Concept maps provide a unified framework for knowledge management and information, which is also understandable for students; and describing knowledge structures and partnerships with other resource information.
Conceptual schemes are also graphic organizers.
Four main differences between a conceptual scheme and a conceptual map :
1. The schemes include descriptions of classes or features set out in the conceptual map, which are more detailed.
2. The schemes promote understanding in people with dominance left hemisphere .
3. schemes lack linking words .
4. schemes ideas are related by lines , arrows only used to indicate stages or causal relationships.
To perform a conceptual scheme of the conceptual map and include descriptions, details and characterizations.
As metacognitive strategy, a thematic map is a variation of a concept map, it develops from a particular subject and articulates only its components.
They are useful to introduce students to a particular topic, so you can use them at the beginning of a unit or chapter, in this way, the student knows before the content the overall approach to the topics to be discussed.
Mind maps are graphical representations of an idea or theme and their associations with keywords in an organized, systematic, structured and represented in a radial form.
Mind mapping as a tool allows “memorization, organization and representation of information in order to facilitate the learning process. What makes Mind Map different from other information management techniques is that we can represent our ideas harmoniously using cognitive functions.
“Tony Buzan, the mental map “is a graphical representation of a subject, idea or concept, embodied in a piece of paper, using simple drawings; writing words , color codes, arrows, so that the main idea remains the center of the diagram and the secondary ideas flowing from the center like the branches of a tree”.
Almea Guevara proposes essential characteristics of mental maps:
1. The subject or object of attention is crystallized in a central image.
2. The main business themes radiate from the central image as The branches comprise key images or words. The minor points are also represented as branches attached to the branches of the higher level.
3. The branches form a connected nodal structure.
Concept maps were developed from concepts, mind maps from ideas or images, take advantage of the brainstorming and keywords as a resource.
So a mind map consists of a word or main idea and around this word are the associated 5 to 10 main ideas related to this term. As seen below.
The synoptic tables provide a characterization of topics and subtopics, organizing information hierarchically in a diagram by key system or by means of tables.
Clearly, the summary tables are graphic organizers, who have been “widely used as instructional resources and are defined as visuals to communicate the logical structure of the educational material. (Ambruster, 1994; Trowbride and
Wandersee, 1998; West, Farmery Wolf, 1991) “.
The summary tables provide a coherent overall structure of a subject and multiple relationships.
Mainly there are two ways to do. The best known is through keys, where information from the general to the particular show, respecting a hierarchy of left to right. They can also be submitted using tables, however, “the keying scheme or summary table is best suited for those issues that have many classifications and has the advantage of being the most graphic of all, by favoring the visual memory.