About the 1930 Federal Census
The 1930 federal census was released for public viewing and usage on April 1, 2002 at the National Archives in Washington, D.C. and at the regional branches.
48 states were enumerated as well as the territories of Alaska and Hawaii. Also included were the U. S. possessions of American Samoa, the Canal Zone, Guam, Midway, Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands, and Wake Island.
12 states were indexed by the Bureau of the Census in Soundex format. They are Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky (partial), Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, and West Virginia (partial).
Every-name indexes are now available for all states and territories. These indexes include the name, age, birth place, and race of each person in addition to the county name and census page number.
For those persons not found in the indexes, finding aids for larger cities are available and are based upon a specific residence street address. City directories are a good source for such addresses. Family records/correspondence may be another source.
In lieu of surname indexes, there is also a finding aid for families who remained at the same residence address as they were in the January 1920 census. The ED (Enumeration District) number for 1920 can be converted into the geographical equivalent 1930 ED.
Information contained in the census includes the street address; the name of each household member as of April 1, 1930; relationship of each person to the household head; sex; color/race; age at last birthday; marital status; age at first marriage; whether attended school/college at any time since September 1, 1929; state/country of birth; state/country of birth of each parent; mother tongue/native language (if foreign born); year of immigration (if applicable); whether naturalized; whether able to speak English; occupation; whether employed on March 31, 1930; whether a U. S. veteran (if so, which war); whether home was rented or owned; value (if owned); monthly rental amount (if rented); whether living on a farm; and whether a radio set was present in the home.
Children born after April 1, 1930 were not included.